Pradhan Mantri Bhartiya Janaushadhi Pariyojana
Bureau of Pharma PSUs India (BPPI) is the implementing body of Pradhan Mantri Bhartiya Janaushadhi Pariyojana (PMBJP). BPPI was founded by the Department of Pharmaceuticals, Government of India, in December 2008. The Bureau was incorporated as an autonomous company under the Societies Registration Act, 1860, as a separate independent legal entity in April 2010. BPPI follows the rules of GFR 2017, as revised from time to time, the recommendations of the CVC, and the directives of the Department of Pharmaceuticals.
It is well known that generic drugs are available at considerably higher prices in India. Given the widespread poverty across the world, having available on the market reasonably priced quality drugs will help everybody, particularly the poor and the vulnerable. This has always been a big concern of the Government of India. “Jan Aushadhi” is a novel initiative introduced by the Government of India in 2008 for a noble cause – Quality Medicines at Affordable Prices for Everyone. The campaign was launched through the selling of generic drugs through exclusive outlets, Pradhan Mantri Janaushadhi Kendra, in different districts of the country. The first “Pradhan Mantri Janaushadhi Kendra” was opened at Amritsar in Punjab on 25th November 2008. Initially, it was suggested that the PMBJP Campaign be launched during the 11th Five Year Plan era beginning in 2008-09, with the objective of extending at least one Pradhan Mantri Bhartiya Janaushadhi Kendras in each of the 630 districts of the country to sub-divisional levels as well as to major towns and village centers by 2012. It was envisaged that the project would operate on a self-sustaining business model and would not rely on government incentives or assistance beyond initial funding. It was to be run on the “No profit, No harm” philosophy.
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Key features of Pradhan Mantri Bhartiya Janaushadi Pariyojana (PMBJP) include:
• Governments or any organization/reputed NGOs/Trusts/Private Hospitals/Charitable Institutions/Doctors/Unemployed Pharmacists/Individual Entrepreneurs can apply for a new Pradhan Mantri Bhartiya Janaushadhi Kendras.
• Applicants must use one B Pharma/D Pharma degree holder as a pharmacist in their proposed shop.
• Applications shall be sent either online or offline to BPPI.
• Pradhan Mantri Bhartiya Janaushadhi Kendras can be found in government hospital premises as well as in private hospital premises or elsewhere beyond.
• In addition to the drugs and surgical products supplied by BPPI, Pradhan Mantri Bhartiya Janaushadhi Kendras will be authorized to market allied medicinal products widely sold in chemist’s shops in order to increase the profitability of Pradhan Mantri Janaushadhi Kendra.
• BPPI supplies the drugs to both Pharma PSUs and private businesses. However, PSUs will have the first right to supply the materials they produce in their factories.
• BPPI shall ensure that private manufacturers are reputable organizations only by including stringent terms and conditions in the tendering requirements. Tendering for medicinal products shall be effected only by e-tendering.
• BPPI shall set up a Central Ware House, C&F agents at various locations, and distributors in all States/UTs. Upon receipt of products at their central warehouse, BPPI shall take samples and send them to NABL approved laboratories for inspection.
• Goods shall be dispatched to C&F agents and distributors only after receipt of the quality certificates from the examining laboratories.
• Financial assistance to applicants: The sum of Rs. 2.5 lakhs is given to NGOs/agencies/individuals setting up Pradhan Mantri Bhartiya Janaushadhi Kendras in government hospital premises where the government provides free of charge space to the operational agency: Rs. 1 lakh reimbursement of furniture and fixtures, Rs. 1 lakh by way of free drugs at the outset, Rs. 0.50 lakh as reimbursement for computer and peripherals, internet, etc.
• For the Pradhan Mantri Bhartiya Janaushadhi Kendras established anywhere else by private entrepreneurs/institutions / NGOs / Trusts / Charitable organizations which are linked with BPPI headquarters through internet shall be extended an incentive up to Rs. 2.5 lakhs.
• Institutions/charitable organizations/NGOs who purchase medicines for their own consumption/free distribution to the vulnerable and needy will be allowed to purchase medicines from BPPI CFA agents.
The progress of this project depends on other departments, such as the Ministry of Health and Family Welfare, State Governments, active cooperation between Hon’ble Members of Parliament, Hon’ble Members of various Legislative Assemblies, IMA, Hospitals owned by Private Organisations and Charitable Organizations, NGOs and Practicing Doctors.
States which have their own schemes, such as the free distribution of drugs, must be combined with the PMBJP system. The non-prescription of generic medicines by physicians is another cause. BPPI continues its attempts to convince doctors to prescribe only generic drugs. The purpose of BPPI is to make available to Pradhan Mantri Bhartiya Janaushadhi Kendras all generic drugs widely used in all therapeutic classes. In the coming years, the PMBJP scheme will include a full range of health care goods and facilities, beginning with the availability of all prescription medicines for all clinical categories.
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